Massachusetts, with its rich history, is often associated with Puritan traditions, but how much of the state’s alcohol regulations can truly be attributed to the Puritans? A closer look reveals a complex tapestry of laws and regulations that have evolved over time.
The Puritan influence is undeniable, with blue laws governing a range of activities, from what one could wear to restrictions on working during the Christian Sabbath. However, contrary to popular belief, these laws weren’t aimed at banning alcohol; they focused on controlling public behavior, especially on Sundays.
Peter Drummey, chief historian at the Massachusetts Historical Society, clarified that one of the original blue laws was a price control to prevent exorbitant charges for drinks in taverns. Over time, these laws shifted from religious mandates to workers’ rights, limiting economic activity on Sundays. Prohibitions on working during the Sabbath persist today, albeit in altered forms.
The blue laws also influence Sunday activities, including retail business restrictions. While retail businesses can operate on Sundays, non-retail businesses face limitations, and there are 55 exemptions to the Sunday work prohibition.
Alcohol sales on Sundays were also historically restricted in Massachusetts, with the ban on Sunday retail alcohol sales lasting until 2004. This prohibition, when lifted, allowed retailers to sell alcohol 363 days a year, with the notable exceptions of Thanksgiving and Christmas. Bars and restaurants, on the other hand, can serve alcohol from 11 in the morning to 11 at night, with the possibility of local officials extending closing hours to as late as 2 a.m., but no later.
Surprisingly, happy hour remains banned in Massachusetts, a measure implemented after a tragic incident in Braintree in 1983. A young woman, having consumed excessive alcohol won in a contest, drove off, resulting in the death of her friend. The legislation aims to curb promotional activities like free or reduced-price drinks, “all-you-can-drink” periods, and contests with alcohol prizes.
While there have been discussions about reinstating happy hours, many bar owners oppose the idea due to concerns about increased liability and soaring insurance rates. Rob Mellion, head of the Massachusetts Package Stores Association, highlighted this reluctance among bar owners.
Massachusetts’ alcohol laws, a blend of historical remnants and contemporary concerns, continue to shape the drinking landscape in the state. As newcomers navigate these regulations, they discover a unique mix of tradition and pragmatism, offering a fascinating glimpse into the intricate tapestry of Massachusetts’ cultural and legal history.